Civil Engineers

Job Summary

Civil engineers generally plan, design, construct and oversee the construction of various types of infrastructure including roads, buildings, houses, bridges, tunnels or dams. They ensure that their designs adhere to engineering principles, environmental regulations and customer requirements. Some civil engineers also are engaged in supervisory or managerial positions.


Civil engineers generally carry out the following duties:

  • Develop plans and designs for a project after gathering and evaluating data from maps, land surveys and other data

  • Conduct the planning phase of a project by observing budgets, government regulations and risks associated with the environment and safety

  • Organize permit applications and submit them to local, state and federal agencies to ensure adherence to certain regulations

  • Analyze the results of tests done on building materials which are to be used in the project

  • Determine the feasibility of a project based on predicted costs of raw materials and labor

  • Generate designs of structures which are compliant with industry and government standards using computer programs



A bachelor’s degree is required for Civil Engineers. For promotions or senior positions, a graduate degree is required as well as licensing. Licensing may vary among states but is usually required once offering direct services to the public.


Civil engineers are required to be analytical, exercise sound judgment and manage people and projects. In order to test Civil Engineers effectively, employers usually administer the Cognitive IQ test along with the Math Business Test. The IQ cognitive test assesses the individual’s analytical skills, their level of critical thinking and problem solving skills. The Math Business test evaluates the individuals general math abilities as well as reasoning capability. Lastly, the work ethics personality test which would be u used to assess an individuals work ethic and ethical code of conduct.


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Civil Engineers

Job Facts

2018 Median Pay
$86,640 per year, $41.65 per hour
Entry level qualification
Bachelor’s Degree
Number of jobs in 2016
Expected Growth rate (2016 – 26)